Authors: Bogdana Adriana Năsui1, Codruța Alina Popescu2
1Department of Community Health, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca
2Department of Social Science and History of Medicine, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca
Background. Young adults are at the highest risk for alcohol-related harm.
Aims. The purpose of this study was to assess alcohol consumption among Romanian university medical students, as well as their knowledge regarding alcohol and the effects of alcohol consumption on the body.
Methods. A cross-sectional study was applied on 458 undergraduate medical university students selected randomly from the “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca. Of these students, 166 were males and 292 were females. The mean age of the students was 21.90 ± 3.22 years. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions assessing quantity and frequency of alcohol intake, and alcohol knowledge. Each participant received a total score with regard to their alcohol and drinking practice, ranging from 0 to 31. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results. Male students drank more units of alcohol per week than female students (10.66 units of alcohol/week for males versus 7.06 units of alcohol/week for females, p< 0.001).The study revealed that students had relatively low levels of knowledge regarding the effect of alcohol on the body, myths about alcohol and facts about alcohol beverages (M = 14.49 ± 4.10). Males had statistically significantly higher scores than females (15.42 ± 4.11 versus 14.00 ± 3.99; p< 0.001), and students in the third year of medical school had higher knowledge scores than first year students.
Conclusions. This study showed a high alcohol consumption among Romanian medical university students. Efforts to educate students about drinking practices should be enhanced throughout university.
Keywords: students, alcohol consumption, alcohol knowledge.