Authors: Serghei Cebanu1,2, Mariana Tutunaru2, Raisa Deleu1, Angela Cazacu-Stratu1,2, Grigore Friptuleac1,2
1Nicolae Testemitanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
2National Agency for Public Health, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Background. The health status of the young generation is an important indicator of the well-being for the society and the state, which reflects not only the current situation, but also the prospects for the future. The practice of physical activity and sport must ensure the formation of healthy and dynamic youth, capable of creative activities, in order to form an integral, creative and autonomous personality.
Aims. Health status assessment of children, adolescents and conditions of practicing physical exercise and sport.
Methods. A longitudinal descriptive study of pupils’ health status and conditions of practicing physical exercises and sport within the pre-university institutions in the Republic of Moldova was carried out.
Results. The complex assessment of pupils’ health status dynamics following the results of prophylactic medical examinations reveals the presence of some deficiencies in physical development. The provision of pre-university institutions with sports halls and additional sanitary facilities for practicing sport is precarious, registering significant territorial differences. General schools in the Republic of Moldova are provided with sports halls in a proportion of 84.6%. But the possibilities of practicing physical exercise and sport in extracurricular activities are limited.
Conclusions. Against the background of an unstable socio-economic situation, characteristic for the development of the Republic of Moldova over the last two decades, negative trends in the health status of children and adolescents in all age groups have been formed. There is still a problem with the provision of sports halls and sports grounds for practicing physical activities in schools in the Republic of Moldova.
Key words: health status, physical exercises, pre-university institutions, children and adolescents