Review: The shoulder – anatomical and biomechanics aspects
Authors: Ana Maria Bumbea1, Rodica Trăistaru1, Carmen Albu2, Roxana Carmen Dumitraşcu2, Bogdan Ştefan Bumbea2
Affiliation: 1 University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania
2 Emergency County Hospital Craiova, Romania
The shoulder is one of the most complex joints of the human body, representing the pectoral arch. The capacity to perform this complex movement at the shoulder joint still remains a challenge until the present. The objective of this paper is to show a current understanding in the motion and stability of the shoulder joint given the particular anatomy and biomechanical aspects. The presentation of complex biomechanics aspects is important because the upper limb is only connected to the rest of the skeleton through the clavicle bone together with a strong and intricate system of muscles and ligaments that allow this joint its wide array of motion. This review can help us in the future to better approach the treatment of the diverse pathology and to improve rehabilitation techniques.
Keywords: shoulder, biomechanics, motion, stability.